The links

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The shapes

 catnédrale du puy
vierge noire
Le Puy en Velay
 
jamnitzer-gsd-medium                      

   Wentzel Jamnitzer's etchings  1508 - 1585  jamnitzer_perspectiva"Perspectiva Corporum Regularium"  An extraordianary collection of etchings of geometric solids sketched in perspective (website in german)
haekel Albums of natural history  plates of an extraordinary delicacy. Often republished since the XIX th century. Haeckel was a keen supporter of the theory of evolution. Because of a few interpretation errors he made as well as of his militancy he is still held up to public obloquy in the states. Site from the Berlin natural history musuem

Some editions of the drawings are available in CD rom.
Le Ricolais Robert le Ricolais site of the University of Pensylvania (english) .
"French architect and engineer, active in the U.S." Few pages in french..
"his work on three-dimensional network systems introduced many architects to the concept of "space frames."

And also a beautiful critical article by d'Antonio Juarez (spanishl).
fuller  Buckminster Fuller : famous for his fine architectural structures, notably the domes.   " He is known as a philosopher, thinker, visionary, inventor, architect, engineer, mathematician, poet, cosmologist, and more."
buffon Buffon's numerous works are often abundantly illustrated. Very beautiful plates put at disposal by University of Oklahoma, department of natural sciences.
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The bodies

specola The museum of anatomic waxes of the Specola in Firenze, in the city museum of natural history.

See also the very documented site of the University of Toronto that broadens the debate of aesthetics to the philosophical positions about the body :
"Anatomical models contain more than just information about human anatomy - they convey social meaning. By examining the way in which anatomy models are fabricated and decorated, the values and attitudes of the societies that produced them can be further understood and analyzed. Three centuries of anatomical artifacts will be considered " 
palerme The catacombs of Palerma.
Mummies kept in the friars' catacombs
Diaporama
gueule_cassee_14-18 To imagine the first world war and its procession of "broken faces"
fallas fallas brulent

Comby would often quote "the fallas" of Valencia in Spain : for the extraordinary ambiance as well as for the quality of the Falleros' work. A whole year of passion peaks in the fire of the sculptures, on the last day of Carnival.

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The artists Comby liked

ipousteguy Ipoustéguy,  "I don't want, a priori, to satisfy others. That's where the useless consideration of the uncalculable lies. Therefore, what for calculating? But I have no doubt I will pass on my road, some of my fellow men"
Simone Piciotto Simone Picciotto  : A language of overwhelming strangeness which, with a serene audacity, explores the "unknown", keeping in mind the richness and beauty of the "known".

Xavier BUREAU

francois aubrun
Director of the fine arts in Toulon, François Aubrun asked Comby to teach in his school.

" Aubrun's work consists in fixing on these different surfaces, what cannot be fixed, captured, what constantly escapes, imperciptible, the light, its fluttering life, its advances and withdrawals, its shimmers, its moirés....
Georges Duby

roseline Granetroseline granet Determinedly figurative, in opposition to the great abstract wave of the fifties, Roseline Granet  always showed interest in the human representation but with an unequalled poetical load.
messager de la nuit portait caroline lee
Caroline Lee  met Comby during a teaching practice on the work of metals at Dupont-Tissot in Faverges (the famous Dupont lighters). Little after, Comby created the series of duralinox.


            
Born in 1932 in Chicago and settled in France, Caroline Lee is a specialist of bronze and metal. Present in many public collections in France and abroad, her often monumental works express both strength and dreamlike fragility."I consider myself as a transformer, exerting a transformation of current coming from outside, subjected to my own inner energies. I work to re-create the social role of the sculptor, an ultimate personal integration, on a more organic rooting basis.

The 2006 Del Duca prizes will be delivered under the cupola, on the solemn reopening session of the fine arts academy, on november 22nd 2006.
(source "La tribune")
                                                 
issenheim Grünewald, the "Issenheim altarpiece"
rustin Fondation Jean Rustin. Many books and catalogues published

"Jean Rustin is disturbing. By showing what words cannot say, what we try to forget and hide, he calls on us with violence, tenderness and sensitivity. His stagings of vulnerability, isolation and conceit send back the one looking at his own image.  Editions Babylone
la foule
Raymond Mason

One book : At work in Paris  Thames and Hudson ed.
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Art called "brut"

aloiseAloïse

krusiKrusi

wolfiWolfli
The "brut art" museum in Lausanne

As soon as 1945, Jean Dubuffet went in search of works free from cultural standards or in fashion tendencies. He was soon assisted by the Primitive Art  Company he had founded with notably, André Breton, Jean Paulhan and Michel Tapié.


He gathered a considerable collection (5000 pieces), kept so far in a parisian building, a part of which was presented in 1967 at the Museum of decorative arts in Paris. Although, in normal times, the collection wasn't accessible to the public, it exerted a growing fascination.

Concerned about giving it a public and definitive status, Dubuffet donated it, to the city of Lausanne in 1971.

« I started my researches in 1945 at the Waldau where Wôlfli had stayed and in Geneva I saw Professor Ladame's collection of drawings made by sick people. It's in Lausanne I also met Aloïse. The fact is that in my searches I found more help and comprehension in Switzerland, specially by doctors, rather than anywhere else. .» The Dubuffet endowment
Hans Prinzhorn,
Bildnerei der Geisteskranken, 1re éd., Heidelberg, Springer, 1922 ;

trad. fr., M. Weber en coll. avec A. Brousse, Expressions de la Folie. Dessins, peintures, sculptures d'asile, préface Jean Starobinski, Paris, Gallimard, 1984.


Prinzhorn
The Prinzhorn collection, the eldest in the world is exhibited at the University of  Heidelberg.

Regarding the art of insane people and his visibility on the market, nuances are necessary.
Cheval
plaque palais idéal
The palace of Facteur Cheval in Hauterives was listed as historical monument by André Malraux in 1969.

One of the places that certainly impressed Comby a lot, an aesthetics of heaping, profusion and also a taste for "nice bit of work".



<-  1879-1912 :
10 thousand days 93 thousand hours
33 years of hard times
Let more obstinate
than me
get to work


At the antipodes of "brut art", the art said international. Contrary to what we think, it might not be less delirious.

Many manifestations and places, a few of them among the most famous ones :
the biennial of Venice
The Pinault endowment or the Basel fair with a regional edition in Miami.
jeff koons

biennale

Foire de Bâle
_____________________________Comby's students have become teachers, for some of them,"professional" artists for the others. Among the latter, some even have a site.____________________
Beaux-arts Toulon 1975

links to Comby's students

Diversity of imaginations as of practices Comby developed in his students.
He wished them, his own liberty. He marked us with his refusal to guide. If he did guide us it was where we did not dare to go. We were actually the true subject of his workshop  and it is a very delicate one to deal with.

Searching and, after a few months finding what we felt like doing is not a common approach in the university. The competitive examinations for teaching are looming in the students' horizon. It's not a frequent approach in the Fine Arts either because of the conformism of the "it's in the thing" and of the market.

We happened to discover, sometimes with stupefaction, in each others a diversity in the works presented after a few months of sessions.
This pleasure has remained intact, years after.
solange triger
Solange Triger  " The stacking of multiple pictorial coats of yellow shows the measure between appearance and disappearance and emphasizes the paradox of painting which doen't stop questioning me : the disappearance of the gesture, of present time to the benefit of an appearance, the one of painting which will always be something different from what it really shows.

Painting is archaic. It's a complete gap with today society. It's this gap that presses me to paint, still.
   
Le Boucher
Alain Le Boucher has a passion for technologies of our time, electronics and software amongst others. Suffering from the weigh of painting and conceptualization  having the place of honour in plastic arts of today, he creates his first personal work for Comby. An anti-machine : without any wheels or metal, devoid of any possibility to be conducted or controlled. The hairy ball scrolls aimless and sleeps 99 per cent of the time. A sort of easy-going parasite.

Since, he's been creating fine transparent structures. Volumes inhabited with melodies, scores of the light growing on electronics which has become fully material.


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